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Records to do with Transparency International (TI), 1993-2005, 1993-2005

Identifier: popjs02

Contents of Transparency International series

The Transparency Iternational records consist of - operational papers covering a change of direction for TI with a major meeting ca. 2002 - correspondence to do with a 'tussle'/ separation of the London based Popes from Eigen in Berlin - - Source Books from 1996 - 2000 - papers gathered for a TI Library which was begun and maintained by Jeremy and Diana Pope in London. This library was intended to be an online library of best-practice texts to accompany the Sourcebook. However this has been superseeded by other publications.

Sub-series (in roughly chronological order):

Boxes: 28-30, 48-54 TI publications 1 – The National Integrity System and ‘Confronting Corruption’: The TI Sourcebook – Material covering the launch of TI and early TI; source material that contributed to the development of JP’s idea for the National Integrity System; source material used in the revision and production of the final source book and for inclusion in the Electronic Source Book; early drafts of the Source Book; copies of the 2000 Source Book and adaptations and translations of the same. (1994- )

Box 39-40 TI publications 2 – National Chapter publications – Material produced by TI’s National Chapters globally. These boxes also contain: The Australian Federal Attorney General’s reports regarding the ‘clean-up’ after the Joh Bjelke-Petersen scandal in Queensland. These reports gave Pope the idea for the National Integrity System, one of TI’s major items of intellectual property, which ultimately resulted in ‘Confronting Corruption: The TI Source Book' (2000). TI global works and initiatives – Material related to JP’s involvement with TI’s various initiatives around the world. (1995-2002) - Initial activities were focused in sub-Saharan Africa, a milieu familiar to Pope and many others in TI.

Boxes 31-35 Contain material which covers work undertaken while involved with Tiri also – UN global judicial standards of conduct (see 2010 speech) TI press clippings – Press clippings (1993-2004).

Boxes 61-66 TI correspondence files – internal strategic and policy documents and also personal correspondence between key members of TI (including JP). (1995-2003)

Boxes 96-97 Jeremy Pope personal diaries – appointments, phone numbers/contact details for other people, ideas, ‘notes to self.’ Kept during time in both TI and Tiri, some clearly dated, others not. Some contain notes taken during very specific events (conferences etc.) (1994-2005)


  • Creation: 1993-2005

Access and use

For most of this collection access is freely available to bona fide researchers within the J.C.Beaglehole Room for research and private study. For any use beyond this, please contact the J.C.Beaglehole Room ( in the first instance. Copyright restrictions apply.

Written permission from an authorised agent of Jeremy Pope's estate is required to access the Transparency International correspondence files 1993-2005 and Jeremy Pope's personal diaries.

Biographical / Historical

Transparency International (1993-2005)

Transparency International describes itself as a ‘global coalition against corruption’. Founded in 1993, with a modest membership and goals, it is now an internationally respected non-governmental organisation, with national ‘chapters’ in 100 countries, and, to quote Jeremy Pope, "quoted daily in the press around the world." A NZ chapter was begun in 1999.

Pope indicates that the genesis of the idea for TI came in a discussion that began within the Global Coalition for Africa in 1992, and continued throughout a series of ‘retreats’ that involved a World Bank official, Peter Eigen. Pope was approached by Eigen in London in 1993, whose initial idea for a bulletin that would publicly ‘name and shame’ corporations which were behaving corruptly in the developing world. Pope believed, however, that a less 'combative', more solution-focused approach was required. He was not alone, and the idea for an organisation which would concentrate on ‘coalition-building’ was developed instead – identifying, working alongside, and creating connections between those in the public sector who were disillusioned with corrupt international business practices.

The original vision for the configuration of the organisation was a small and temporary ‘secretariat’, who would be supported by “active groupings in perhaps 15 key countries.” It was decided that the core group would be based in Berlin, as opposed to London, New York, Washington or Paris. Whereas in those countries they would be but a small player among a multitude of NGOs, in Berlin they would be “unique, and an object of curiosity"; they would also remain close to western news sources.

A group of ten people from five countries signed the charter incorporating TI: Peter Eigen (Germany) ex-World Bank; Peter Conze (Germany); Frank Vogl (USA) former Washington correspondent of the London Times and ex-World Bank; Michael Hershman (USA) ex-USAID and security consultant; Roy A. Stacey (USA) of the Global Coalition for Africa; Laurence Cockcroft (UK) developmental economist; Kamal Hossain (Bangladesh) former Attorney-General and Minister for Foreign Affairs; Fritz Heimann (USA) General Electric legal counsel; Jerry Parfitt (UK) of Coopers and Lybrand, accountant; and Jeremy Pope (NZ) Commonwealth Secretariat and legal counsel to the Commonwealth Secretary General.

A Board of Directors was also formed from among the founding members, and Pope was appointed Managing Director. In addition to these members, an Advisory Council was also formed, creating a ‘resource’ of well-placed individuals who agreed to lend their names to the organisation, and to be available to give advice. Notable among these advisors were the Nobel Peace Prize winner and former President of Costa Rica, Oscar Arias, and Olusegun Obasanjo, a former president of Nigeria.

Both of these men spoke at the formal launch of the organisation in May 1993. Press attention was generated by another founding member of TI, Frank Vogl, and the global reaction was “encouraging”. As Pope has stated, TI “took an issue into the open that never before had been,” (RR) and letters of support sent to Berlin at the time of the launch indicated that there were many around the world who were grateful for its finally being brought to light. The founders of TI initially thought of themselves as a small 'ginger group' focusing exclusively on the issue of corruption in international business transactions, and in particular with the problems that this was creating for the poor of the developing world. Over the years, however, the TI mandate has expanded to take on corruption in all of its different forms, and the modus operandi has moved from primarily 'coalition-building' and raising awareness among key players; to building an arsenal of intellectual property to be shared and used by all those attempting to create change; to acting as consultants and facilitators within organisations seeking to address issues of corruption.

Throughout his time with TI, Pope has acted as a key driver of the organisation’s agenda, involved heavily in devising its strategies and approaches. The material contained in the TI series has been collected and created by Pope during the course of his work, and relates to his involvement in major projects and events connected to every stage of the organisation’s development up to 2003.

(Information from a background paper on TI included as part of JP’s talk to 2010 ANZSOG Annual Conference in Melbourne, August, 2010 – 'Getting Integrity Reforms Adopted: Lesson from Experience').


From the Fonds: 95 box(es)

Language of Materials


Repository Details

Part of the Tapuaka Heritage & Archive Collections - JC Beaglehole Reading Room, Victoria University of Wellington Library Repository

P O Box 3438
Wellington 6140 New Zealand
+64 4 4635681